Cement is a major component of concrete. Although the terms cement and concrete are often used interchangeably, there is a vast difference between the two products. Cement is but one ingredient of concrete. Basic concrete consists of cement, aggregates (gravel, sand) and water. More sophisticated concrete may be made using ad-mixtures and other cementitious materials to control hardness, set-up time and durability.
Portland cement is a generic term named after the Isle of Portland in England by its inventor, Joseph Aspdin.
To make Portland cement, clay, shale and limestone is ground and baked in a kiln. During this process, “klinkers” are formed which are then ground up and mixed with gypsum.
Alaska Basic Industries (AB) supplies throughout Alaska. ABI's terminal in Fairbanks is located at 1501 Well Street.
There are also two terminals in Anchorage at the Port of Anchorage as well as in South Anchorage. ABI receives shipments of cement at the Port of Anchorage by ships on a regular basis throughout the summer and into late fall. ABI through its customer base has representation of its products throughout central Alaska and beyond.
Alaska Basic Industries offers two basic products:
- Type I / II Portland Cement for warmer times of the year and
- Type III Portland Cement for the cooler times.
These products are available at the Fairbanks Terminal: